Skin bleaching in Africa: An 'addiction' with risks
A billboard advertises products to restore natural skin colour on Spintex Road in Accra on July 2, 2018. Africa is experiencing a massive trend of skin bleaching, also called lightening or whitening, particularly in teenagers and young adults. The widening phenomenon is laden with health risks. Since Government of Ghana banned hydroquinone in 2016, the main chemical component used in numerous skin-bleaching products, most of skin care brands have started to advertise products without hydroquinone or products to restore natural skin colour. (CRISTINA ALDEHUELA / AFP)
(AFP) - Skin bleaching in Africa is gaining popularity despite many health risks.
In spite of the danger, people use toxic creams and injections and pills to become more fair, in the belief that lighter skin is a gateway to beauty and success.
Ingredients may include hydroquinone, steroids, mercury and lead -- the same element that in high concentrations poisoned Elizabethan courtiers who powdered their faces ivory white.
Many governments in Africa have banned the sale of bleaching creams and warned about taking high doses of a lightening compound called glutathione, which is sold as injections or pills.
But demand for the bleaching products far exceeds what authorities can regulate.
In many African capitals there are billboards advertising creams for fair skin, while a legion of black market cosmetologists assemble bootleg creams for sale in markets.
People who start skin bleaching caution that the results are "addictive" and that they quickly become dependent on the creams to feel beautiful.
They can end up spending hundreds of dollars every month in order to keep a fair complexion, even as it damages their skin.
Side effects include sensitive skin that becomes uneven in tone, stretch marks, and in the worst cases, ochronosis -- a build-ups of acid that makes the skin appear darker.
Black cultural movements are trying to challenge longstanding Eurocentric standards of beauty by celebrating natural skin and hair.
But it's not clear yet if the trend will shift public opinion in Africa, where fair skin is still held at a premium.
© Agence France-Presse